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I think I remember seeing a most commons thread somewhere on this site........anyway we can make it a sticky??? That would be so helpful!!

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Oh boy....

A list I made yrs ago (maybe 10!), but hopefully is still up to date. Includes "Most Commons" as well as the Buzzwords associated w/ certain conditions

Please feel free to post corrections as most of this list is not my field!

Long list, let's see if it posts:


Bouchard’s Nodes (PIP), Heberdeen’s nodes (DIP)- OA

Swan Neck, Boutionneire deformity, ulnar deviation, claw toes, hallux valgus- RA

Koebner phenomenon (rash provoked by scratching) – JRA

Sausage finger (flexor tendon tenosynovitis), “Cup and saucer” proximal phalanx- psoriatic arthritis

Bamboo spine – Ankylosing spondylitis

Tinel’s sign – tapping Median N. – paresthesias in median n. distribution

Gottron’s sign (violaceous inflammation on knuckles), Heliotrope rash – Dermatomyositis

Vasculitis associated with Hepatitis B, C – Polyarteritis Nodosa

Xerostomia & Xeroderma, Schirmer’s Tear Test – Sjogren’s syndrome

Esophageal web, dysphagia, Iron Deficiency Anemia – Plummer Vinson Syndrome

IBS & Mitral Valve Prolapse – Fibromyalgia association

Housemaid’s Knee – Pre/Suprapatellar bursitis

Weaver’s Bottom – Ischial Bursitis

Pump Bump – Achilles Bursitis

Sickle Cell Osteomyelitis – Salmonella

Boxer’s Fracture – Distal Fifth Metacarpal

Greenstick Fracture – bowing, one sided

Torus fracture – buckling fracture; compression

Nursemaid’s Elbow – radial head subluxation

Dinner Fork Deformity (on radiograph) - Colles’ Fracture (transverse distal radius metaphysic w/ dorsal distal fragment displacement)

Falling on outstretched hand – scaphoid or Colles’

Rotator Cuff muscles



            Teres Minor


Drop Arm Test – Rotator Cuff injury

Lachman Test - ACL

Bankart Lesion – tear of glenoid labrum

Kocher Maneuver – shoulder reduction

Apprehension Test – anterior shoulder dislocation

Jerk Test – posterior shoulder dislocation

“Separated Shoulder” – AC separation

Neer Classification – humeral head fracture

Nerve Injury in Humeral Shaft fracture – Radial N.

Claw Hand deformity - Volkmann’s Contracture – ischemic flexion contracture resulting from fracture, compartment syn., cast or tourniquet application

Keinbock’s disease – lunate osteonecrosis

Gamekeeper’s Thumb – tear/sprain UCL thumb

Lateral Epicondylitis – Tennis Elbow

Medial Epicondylitis – Golfer’s/Baseball Elbow

Finkelstein’s Test - DeQuervain’s Tenosynovitis  (stenosing tenosynovitis of abductor pollicus longus extensor pollicus brevis)

Sellick’s Maneuver – cricoid pressure

Scheuermann's disease – Juvenile kyphosis

Culprit crnal nerve in ptosis - III

McMurray Test – Meniscal Tear

Legg-Calve-Perthes Disease – avascular necrosis of femoral head


Feeling of sitting on a ball – uterine prolapse

Clue cells – Gardnerella (BV)

First step in infertility w/u – semen analysis

Nagelel’s Rule- Date of LMP – 3 mo + 7 d

Sack of grapes/Snow Storm U/S – molar/hydatidiform pregnancy

Bloody Show- passage of blood tinged mucous cap from cervical os during early labor


Vaginal discharge:

Malodorous frothy green-yellow – Chlamydia

Fishy – BV (Gardnerella)


Todd’s Paralysis – transient postictal limb paralysis

Lhermitte’s sign/”Barber Chair Phenomenon” – passive neck flexion causing sensation of electricity down back; classic in Multiple Sclerosis

Brain bx revealing Tangles and Plaques – Alzheimer’s

Band like HA – tension

Stocking Glove neuropathy – DM

Tyramine free diet – MAOIs

Magical thinking – schizophrenia

Condyloma- HPV of abraded skin

Erythema marginatum – rheumatic fever

Erythema migrans - Lyme

Erythema toxicum neonatorum

Erythema mulitforme – drug lesions, infectious


“Sunburn with goosebumps” – scarlet fever

“Dewdrop on a rose petal” – varicella zoster

Rice water stool – cholera

Box shaped rods in chains – anthrax

Infectious Trismus - tetanus

Pea Soup diarrhea – salmonella (typhoid)

Pharyngeal gray membrane – diphtheria

Bulls-Eye Lesion – erythemia migrans

Herald patch, Christmas Tree Pattern rash – pityriasis rosea

Koplik spots-  measles

Wickhams striae – lichen planus

Auspitz’s sign – capillary bleeding after peeling away scale; Psoriasis

Tapioca lesions – dyshidrosis

Hot tub folliculitis – Pseudomonas

Target lesions – erythema multiforme

Spaghetti & meatballs on microscopy – pityriasis versicolor (Malassezia furfur)

Rash sparing skin overlying joints – SLE

Farmer’s/Sailor’s skin – dermatoheliosis

Pearly white domes papule – BCC

Microcytosis out of proportion to anemia – thalassemia

Prussian blue staining – sideroblastic anemia

Basophilic stippling – lead toxicity

Heinz Bodies – hemolytic anemia

Howell-Jolley Bodies

Auer Rods - AML

Glossitis in anemia – Folate (beefy red), Fe (pale)

Anemia w/ neuro symptoms – B12

> 1g Hgb drop/week = hemolysis or loss

Pruritis w/ bathing – polycythemia vera

Pancytopenia w/ circulating blasts – acute leukemia

Monoclonal spike on electrophoresis – Multiple Myeloma

Ashigenaza Jews – Factor XI deficiency

Russel Viper Venom Time – Lupus Anticoagulant

Bird’s Beak sign – achalasia

Virchow’s Node- Left Supraclavicular Lymphadenopathy- Gastric CA

Sister Mary Joseph Nodule – Periumbilical nodule – Gastric CA

String Sign – pyloric stenosis

Cushing Disease- primary pituitary ACTH overproduction w/ cortical adrenal hyperplasia and glucocorticoid excess

Cushing Syndrome- manifestions of glucocorticoid excess from any cause

Cushingoid Features – Buffalo Hump, Moon Facies, Supraclavicular Fat Pad

ENT disorder seen in dwarfism – recurrent OM

Hypercalcemia seen in patients on bed rest – Paget’s disease of bone

Eruptive/Tendinous xanthomas – hyperlipidemia

Drugs causing hyperlipidemia

            Beta Blockers




Foamy Urine – nephrotic syndrome

GU complication of mumps - orchitis

Rust colored sputum – strep pneumo

Currant jelly sputum – Klebsiella


Susceptible populations:

Wool workers, farmhands - anthrax

Fish handlers – erysipeloid


Purpura, Arthritis, Abdominal Pain – Henoch Schonlein Purpura

Can’t Pee Can’t See Can’t Dance with me – Reiter’s Stndrome

Lichen Planus 5 Ps







Chronic Pancreatitis

            Pancreatic Calcification




Necrotizing Fasciitis


            Diffuse Crepitus



Hypercalcemia/Hyperparathyroidism- “Bones, Stones, Groans, Moans, Psychic Overtones”

            Bone Turnover






Horner’s Syndrome- Ptosis, Miosis, Anhidrosis

Pancoast Syndrome – Horner’s + Neuritic Arm Pain, Arm muscle atrophy


“SPHERE” of lung CA complications

SVC Syndrome

Pancoast Syndrome

Horner’s Syndrome


Recurrent Laryngeal Nerve Injury     

Endocrine (paraneoplastic)


Gross hematuria, flank pain, palpable mass – Renal Cell Carcinoma

Diarrhea, Dermatitis, Dementia – pellagra

Poor wound Healing, Petechiae, Bleeding Gums – Scurvy

Tumor Markers

            CA125            Ovarian

            CEA                Colon


            PSA                 Prostate


Most Common….


Benign Primary Hand Bone Tumor – Ecchondroma

Facial pain – TMJ

Neck Pain – Cervical spondylosis

Fracture in children and adolescents – clavicle

Neuropathy – median n. (CTS)

Elbow overuse injury – lateral epicondylitis

Shoulder dislocation – anterior

Hip Dislocation – posterior

LBP – prolapsed intervertebral disk

Spinal Deformity – idiopathic adolescent scoliosis

Deformity of MTP – Hallux Valgus (Bunion)

Curvature in scoliosis – R T7-8

Secondary Ammenorrhea – pregnancy

Presentation of fibroids – vaginal bleeding

GYN malignancy – Endometrial CA

Ovarian growth – cyst

Benign breast diases – fibrocystic (#2 Fibroadenoma)

Breast CA – ductal

Site Breast CA – upper outer

RF for preeclmapsia – nulliparity

3rd Trim bleeding – abruption

Infectious infertility - chalmydia

Primary intracranial neoplasm – glioma

Dementia – Alzheimers

HA – Tension

Side for Bell’s Palsy – Right

Cause of Movement disorder in children – Cerebral Palsy

Viral meningitis – coxsackie

Source of brain mets – Lung, Breast, renal, GI

Form of schizophrenia – Paranoid
Antipsychotic causing agranulocytosis – Clozapine

Mental disorder – Phobia

Vector borne disease - Lyme

Skin Condition – acne

Cutaneous malignancy – BCC

Anemia – IDA

Cause IDA – GI blood loss

Hypochrmoic microcytic anemia - IDA

Normochromic normocytic anemia – Chronic disease

B12 def iency – pernicious anemia

Leukemia – CLL

Coagulopathy – thrombocytopenia

Acquired coagulaopathy – Vit K deficiency

Congenital coagulaopathy – Von Willebrand Disease

Acquired platelet dysfunction – NSAIDs/ASA

Extranodal site of NHL – stomach

Cancer deaths




Pancreatitis – ETOH

Acute Hepatitis – Viral

Cause of hyperthyroidism- Grave’s

Cause of hypothyroidism- Iodine Deficiency

Thyroid CA – papillary

Site of cystic bone lesions in hyperparathyroidism – mandible

Blindness in patients > 60 yrs – DM retinopathy

Compication DM – neuropathy

Addison’s disease – autoimmune cortex destruction

Acromegaly – pituitary adenoma

Neuro finding in Paget’s disease of bone- deafness

Renal stone – Ca

Electrolyte disorder in hospitalized patients – hyponatremia

Atypical pneumonia – mycoplasma

Solitary pulmonary nodule – healed granuloma

Interstitial lung disease – idiopathic fibrosing interstitial pneumonia (formerly idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis)

PUD – H pylori

Finding in Gastric CA – IDA

Jaundice + Palpable GB – Pancreatic CA


Death in US

            Heart Disease



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Thank you very much.  Right now I am studying for the DCE the exam you take after the first year of PA school before we go on rotations.

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If you want to get the main list of the topics  you are looking for, it is better to search them with the help of professionals. Indeed, there are a lot of assistants that provided you several topics and even branches of necessary ones above. So if you have the opportunity to check all of them, it will be great not only for you, but also for the main ones anywhere in the Web. That is the reason you can get one more direction for the mentioned point of view with the help of such guys’ ways to be sure here.

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